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Topical Anesthetics

 

A Topical Anesthetic is a local anesthetic that is used to numb the surface of a body part. They can be used to numb any area of the skin as well as the front of the eyeball, the inside of the nose, ear or throat, the anus and the genital area. Topical anesthetics are available in creams, ointments, aerosols, sprays, lotions, and jellies. Examples include benzocaine, butamben, dibucaine, lidocaine, oxybuprocaine, pramoxine, proparacaine, proxymetacaine, and tetracaine (also named amethocaine).

Topical anesthetics are used to relieve pain and itching caused by conditions such as sunburn or other minor burns, insect bites or stings, poison ivy, poison oak, poison sumac, and minor cuts and scratches.

Topical anesthetics are used in ophthalmology and optometry to numb the surface of the eye (the outermost layers of the cornea and conjunctiva) to:

  • Perform a contact/applanation tonometry.
  • Perform a Schirmer’s test
  • Remove small foreign objects from the uppermost layer of the cornea or conjunctiva. The deeper and the larger a foreign object which should be removed lies within the cornea and the more complicated it is to remove it, the more drops of topical anesthetic are necessary prior to the removal of the foreign object to numb the surface of the eye with enough intensity and duration.

 


In dentistry, topical anesthetics are used to numb oral tissue before administering a dental local anesthetic due to the entry of the needle into the soft tissues of the oral cavity.

Some topical anesthetics (e.g. oxybuprocaine) are also used in otolaryngology.

Topical anesthetics are now commonly used in the temporary relief of premature ejaculation when applied to the glans (head) of the penis. Benzocaine or lidocaine are typically used for this purpose as they are available OTC (lidocaine is more powerful than benzocaine).

Zion Clinical Pharmacy compounds several products in this category.

Below are the most common preparations:


 

TRI-CAINE DENTAL GEL 30gr

Lidocaine HCl 10%, Prilocaine HCl 10%, Tetracaine HCl 4%

TRI-CAINE MAX DENTAL GEL 30gr

Lidocaine HCl 10%, Prilocaine HCl 10%, Tetracaine HCl 4%

Z4 DENTAL GEL 30gr

Lidocaine HCl 10%,Prilocaine HCl 10%,Tetracaine HCl 4%, Phenylephrine 2%

PFG COMPOUNDED GEL 30gr & 60gr

Prilocaine HCl 10%, Lidocaine HCl 10%, Tetracaine HCl 4%

PFG LITE COMPOUNDED GEL 30gr & 60gr

Prilocaine HCl 5%, Lidocaine HCl 5%, Tetracaine HCl 2%

DYC COMPOUNDED RINSE 1%- 480mL  & 960mL

LIDOCAINE VISCOUS 100mL

XYLOCAINE 10% CMP TOP SOL  100mL

 


 

 

Download the Form for Topical Anesthetics:

 

 

 

Dental Rx Order Form

 

 

 

 

 


 

Copyright @ 2008-2017 Zion Pharmacy. All Rights Reserved.

 


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Contact Info

Zion Clinic Pharmacy
205 E. Hallandale Beach Blvd
Hallandale Beach, Fl 33009

Phone 954-367-5365
Fax 954-839-9039
Email: info@zionpharmacy.com

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